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JLFC Report Series

The JLFC Report Series aim to provide state-of-the art reviews of key urban theories/concepts and real-life experiences. A particular focus is placed on the experience of Hong Kong as a high-density and compact city, and its relevancy to other metropolitan cities around the world. All reports in the JLFC Report Series are free for download by the general public. Comments and suggestions either on specific reports or the series may be directed to

MAK, Hugo Wai Leung and Keumseok KOH (2021) Building a Healthy Urban Environment in East Asia. Joint Lab on Future Cities (JLFC) Report No. 1. Hong Kong: JLFC.

MAK, Hugo Wai Leung (2021) From COVID-19 Pandemic of Five Selected East Asian Cities to Assessment of Data Openness and Integration for Future City Development. Joint Lab on Future Cities (JLFC) Report No. 2. Hong Kong: JLFC.

LI, Xiangyi (2022) Modular Integrated Construction (MiC) Development in Hong Kong. Joint Lab on Future Cities (JLFC) Report No. 3. Hong Kong: JLFC.

Recent Projects


Research of development and application of modular integrated construction (MiC)

Selected Publications



  • Loo, B. P. Y., Li, L., & Namdeo, A. (2023). Reducing road transport emissions for climate policy in China and India. Transportation Research. Part D, Transport and Environment, 122, 103895. DOI: 10.1016/j.trd.2023.103895

  • Tsoi, K. H., Loo, B. P. Y., Li, X., & Zhang, K. (2023). The co-benefits of electric mobility in reducing traffic noise and chemical air pollution: Insights from a transit-oriented city. Environment International, 178, 108116. DOI: 10.1016/j.envint.2023.108116

  • Fan, Z., Zhang, F., & Loo, B. P. Y. (2022). Rhythm of Transit Stations - Uncovering the Activity-Travel Dynamics of Transit-Oriented Development in the U.S. IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems, 23(8), 12503–12517. DOI: 10.1109/TITS.2021.3115103

  • Loo, Becky P.Y. and Winnie S.M. Tang (2019) “ ‘Mapping’ Smart Cities.” Journal of Urban Technology 26(2): 129-146. 

  • Wong W. and Wong S.C. (2019) Unbiased estimation methods of nonlinear transport models based on linearly projected data. Transportation Science, 53, 665-682.

  • Loo, Becky P.Y. (2018) "Unsustainable Transport and Transition in China." London and New York: Routledge.

  • Sun C., Pei X., Hao J., Wang Y., Zhang Z. and Wong S.C. (2018) Role of road network features in the evaluation of incident impacts on urban traffic mobility. Transportation Research Part B, 117, 101-116.

  • Lin Z.Y., Wong S.C., Zhang P. and Choi K. (2018) A predictive continuum dynamic user-optimal model for the simultaneous departure time and route choice problem in a polycentric city. Transportation Science, 52, 1496-1508.

  • Jiang Y.Q., Wong S.C., Zhang P. and Choi K. (2017) Dynamic continuum model with elastic demand for a polycentric urban city. Transportation Science, 51, 931-945.

  • Loo, Becky P.Y. and Kevin Y.K. Leung (2017) “Transport Resilience: The Occupy Central Movement in Hong Kong from Another Perspective.” Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice 106: 100-115

  • Loo, Becky P.Y. and David Banister (2016) “Decoupling Transport from Economic Growth: Extending the Debate to include Environmental and Social Externalities.” Journal of Transport Geography 57: 134-144.



  • Loo, B. P. Y., Tsoi, K. H., Axhausen, K. W., Cao, M., Lee, Y., & Koh, K. P. (2023). Spatial risk for a superspreading environment: Insights from six urban facilities in six global cities across four continents. Frontiers in Public Health, 11, 1128889. DOI: 10.3389/fpubh.2023.1128889

  • Koh, K., Reno, R. and Hyder, A. (2019). "Examining Disparities in Food Accessibility among Households in Columbus, Ohio: An Agent-Based Model.” Food Security 11(2): 317-331. DOI: 10.1007/s12571-019-00900-7

  • Koh, K., Grady, S. C., Darden, J. and Vojnovic, I. (2018) “Adult Obesity Prevalence at the county level in the United States, 2000-2010: Downscaling Public Health Survey Data using a Spatial Microsimulation Approach.” Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology 26: 153-164. DOI: 10.1016/j.sste.2017.10.001

  • Koh, K., Grady, S. C., Vojnovic, I. and Darden, J. (2018) “Impacts of Federally Funded State Obesity Programs on Adult Obesity Prevalence in the United States, 1998-2010.” Public Health Reports 133(2): 169-176. DOI: 10.1177/0033354917751128

  • Koh, K., Reno, R. and Hyder, A. (2018) “Designing an Agent-based Model using Group Model Building: Application to Food Insecurity Patterns in a U.S. Midwestern Metropolitan City.” Journal of Urban Health 95(2): 278-289. DOI: 10.1007/s11524-018-0230-1


  • Loo, B. P. Y., Li, X., & Wong, R. W. M. (2023). Environmental comparative case studies on modular integrated construction and cast-in-situ construction methods. Journal of Cleaner Production, 428, 139303. DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2023.139303

  • Wong, R. W. M., & Loo, B. P. Y. (2022). Sustainability implications of using precast concrete in construction: An in-depth project-level analysis spanning two decades. Journal of Cleaner Production, 378, 134486. DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2022.134486

  • Yang, Y.F, Ng, S.T., Zhou, S.H., Xu, F.J. D.Z. Li & H.Y. Li (2020) A federated pre-event community resilience approach for assessing physical and social sub-systems: an extreme rainfall case in Hong Kong, Sustainable Cities and Society, 52, 101859,

  • Yang, Y.F., Ng, S.T., Zhou, S.H., Xu, F.J. & Li, H.Y. (2019) A physics-based framework for analyzing the resilience of interdependent civil infrastructure systems: a climatic extreme event case in Hong Kong, Sustainable Cities and Society, 47, 1-14.

  • Li, H.Y., Zhang, X.L., Ng, S.T. & Skitmore, R.M. (2018) Quantifying stakeholder influence in decision / evaluations relating to sustainable construction in China – a Delphi approach, Journal of Cleaner Production, 173, 160-170.

  • Yang, Y.F, Ng, S.T., Xu, F.J. & Skitmore, R.M. (2018) Towards sustainable and resilient high density cities through better integration of infrastructure networks, Sustainable Cities and Society, 42, 407-422.

  • Hossain, M.U. & Ng, S.T. (2018) Critical consideration of buildings’ environmental impact assessment towards adoption of circular economy: an analytical review, Journal of Cleaner Production, 205, 763-780.

  • Li, J., Ng, S.T. & Skitmore, R.M. (2017) Review of low-carbon refurbishment solutions for residential buildings with particular reference to multi-story buildings in Hong Kong, Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews, 73, 393-407.



  • X. Sun, N. H. C. Yung, E. Y. Lam, and H. K. H. So, "Computationally Efficient Hyperspectral Data Learning Based on the Doubly Stochastic Dirichlet Process," IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 363-374, Jan, 2017. [doi>10.1109/TGRS.2016.2606575]

  • R. Shi, J. S. J. Wong, E. Y. Lam, K. K. Tsia, and H. K.-H. So, "A Real-Time Coprime Line Scan Super-Resolution System for Ultra-Fast Microscopy," IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 781-792, Aug, 2019. [doi>10.1109/TBCAS.2019.2914946]

  • N. Meng, E. Lam, K. K. M. Tsia, and H. K.-H. So, "Large-scale Multi-class Image-based Cell Classification with Deep Learning," IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 2091-2098, Sep, 2019. [doi>10.1109/JBHI.2018.2878878]

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